Consultant/author for Central Sahel Analysis on Children recruitment risks

NGO Jobs / UN Jobs Vacancy



Organization: Save the Children
Closing date: 23 Feb 2021

Terms of Reference: Level of risk for out-of-school children to be recruited by armed groups research project

Title and author (s)

Title: Central Sahel Analysis on Children recruitment risks

Author: SC

Note: The research will be conducted by a consultant or a research team with consultation from key Government actors including the Ministry of Defence and Ministers of Education. It will be expected that the consultant or a research team will work together with Save the children and states during all the process: government approval of the research, amendment of the detailed description of the methodology to be implemented, documentary review, detailed description of the different phases, collection of information in the field, and providing testimonies/victims stories, reviewing the results and providing timely comments; providing national, tailored recommendations. This research must be conducted in full respect of the child safe guarding (CSG) of Save the children. To do so, regional CSG Director would be involved and Save the Children Country Offices will coordinate with national CSG and security coordinators support.**

Context

The situation in the Sahel region has steadily deteriorated over the past decade and the Sahel is today one of the regions with the lowest quality of life and economic development worldwide. Escalating armed violence in the last few years is causing an unprecedented humanitarian emergency in the Sahel. Increasing insecurity and displacement (1.4 million IDPs and refugees in Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger, 55% of whom are children) severely disrupts already weak basic social services including education.

Today, Sahel is hosting the growing fastest displacement crisis in the world. Despite national, regional and international efforts to tackle the complex range of inter-connected challenges facing the Sahel, the region continues to be threatened by cyclical instability, state fragility, changing climate, and recurring humanitarian crises. Without addressing the root causes of insecurity and providing further investment in multidimensional solutions to the crisis, an entire generation of children risk having their survival, education and protection destroyed.

Moreover, in Burkina, Mali and Niger, 1 person out of 2 is less than 15 years old.

The region was one of the most challenging areas to grow up, with Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger all ranking in the bottom 10 worst places in the world to be a child. [i] Based on that, we can see this crisis is not only a crisis, this is also and firstly a children crisis affecting the future of the Central Sahel.

With 2.3 million children in need of protection assistance in 2020[ii] and 8 in 10 children across the Central Sahel experiencing violence[iii], ,the trend in this region is that more and more children are victims of kidnapping, murder, recruitment and use by armed groups. In Mali alone, in 2019, more than 270 children were maimed or killed. Girls are more exposed than ever to child marriage. Economic and social pressures and the need for protection pushes young people to join armed groups, a new and worrying phenomena recognized by Sahel governments but the least documented to date. It has been verified that some 7,747 children[1] in the World including Sahel Countries, some of whom were as young as 6 years old, were recruited and used.

When the COVID-19 pandemic hit the region, in early April 2021, an estimated 128 million children in West and Central Africa (WCA) were out of school as one of the collateral consequences of governments’ response to halt the spread of the COVID 19’ virus.

But the COVID-19 pandemic came on top of an existing crisis in the education system. Today in the region 8 in 10 million children across the Central Sahel experiencing violence in and around schools, the trend in this region is that more and more children are victims of kidnapping, murder, recruitment and use by armed groups.

Objectives Why is this being commissioned, and why now? **

Objectives

  1. To inform the Sahel States and child rights actors on the risk linked to the recruitment of children in the region as a result of the deteriorating conflict situation and school closures/ children being out of school ;

  2. To support country office policy, advocacy and campaigns by bringing together deeper understanding of children recruitment, its impact on children and tailored recommendations to protect children in conflicts in Sahel Central ;

  3. To position Save the Children as a leading voice nationally on child rights grave violations and how governments must act to protect children in conflict from recruitment and ensure that the right to a good, quality education is realised for all children in response to the direct and indirect impacts of the Sahel insecurity.

Audience

For whom is it being written? Who are we trying to influence? **

· National governments (particularly Ministry of Education & Defence)**

· Partners (NGOs, traditional leaders, champions)

· Donors **

· School governance systems **

· Community leaders.**

Scope and focus

The objective of this TORs is to carry out a regional Sahel analysis on the level of risk for out-of-school children to be recruited by armed groups. That include:

  1. Extend the study sample to the two countries of Mali and Burkina Faso to illustrate.

  2. Secondary data analysis on the implications of insecurity and COVID-19 on education for boys and girls in the identified target countries.

  3. An analysis and field visit with focus group to estimate the level of risk and the number of children to be recruited by armed groups in the current situation;

  4. A household survey to assess the out of school children intention, particularly those from the most-marginalized families.

Outputs and products

a) 25-30-page paper to inform Save the Children’s advocacy approach to address this situation in 2021 in French or in English. This paper must include a synthetic summary of the report, a presentation of the situation and the study, an analysis of the phenomenon of the use of child soldiers: - general description of the situation of children before their recruitment (schooling, socio-economic level of parents , relationship with relatives, daily activities, associations, etc.), an analysis of the conditions for the return to civilian life of children, a presentation of prevention, demobilization and reintegration programs for child soldiers, recommendations for prevention, demobilization and the reintegration of child soldiers.

b) Policy brief 3-4 pages including key recommendations;

c) Package of some illustrative images respecting SC child safe guarding policies.

d) Power point summarizing the key point.

Timeline

The final version must be ready by 15th May 2021.

Period

Activities

responsible

8th-12th February 2021

TORs validation

Save the Children

15th February -8th March 2021

Consultant recruitment

Save the Children

8th March – 23rd April 2021

Research development

Consultant

23rd April – 5th May 2021

Research validation process with SC (RO and Cos), States and key other actors involved

Consultant

5th -12th May 2021

Submission of final version of the report, Policy brief and photos

Consultant

Candidate Profile

· Education: Postgraduate degree or equivalent in Legal Sciences, political Sciences, Social Sciences, Economics, diplomacy and international relations.

· Experience:

  • At least 10 years of experience in the field of research, analysis, or the protection of children;

  • Knowledge of major trends and issues in Central Sahel education system, the impact Sahel crisis and previous experience producing high-quality written materials for humanitarian and development policy audiences.

  • Previous experience in the prevention, demobilization and reintegration of child soldiers is a great asset.

A Technical Proposal:

Explanatory note on the understanding of the Terms of Reference and the reasons for the application in French or in English

Brief presentation of the methodological approach (along with a timetable) and the organization of the planned mission;

CV including: Experience gained in similar projects and at least 3 references;

A Financial Proposal: Fixed-price contracts:

The financial proposal (all included) will be submitted on the basis of the flat-rate approach.

The financial proposal provides for a lump sum and specifies the terms of payment on the basis of precise and measurable products / deliverables (qualitative and quantitative) even if the payments will be made in instalments or in one go at the total completion of the contract. It must be denominated in USD.**

[1] https://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/S_2020_525_F.pdf

[ii] Ibid

[iii] Central Sahel UNICEF Advocacy Brief

How to apply:

Interested Consultants must submit an application package to wcaro.tender@savethechildren.org and in the subject line: Consultancy Sahel Analysis On Children Recruitment Risks.
You must absolutely include the following:

A Technical Proposal:

Explanatory note on the understanding of the Terms of Reference and the reasons for the application in French or in English

Brief presentation of the methodological approach (along with a timetable) and the organization of the planned mission;

CV including: Experience gained in similar projects and at least 3 references;

A Financial Proposal: Fixed-price contracts:

The financial proposal (all included) will be submitted on the basis of the flat-rate approach.

The financial proposal provides for a lump sum and specifies the terms of payment on the basis of precise and measurable products / deliverables (qualitative and quantitative) even if the payments will be made in instalments or in one go at the total completion of the contract. It must be denominated in USD.**



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